The Greatest Snow on Earth

There are plenty of anecdotes acclaiming Utah's light, dry snow, but there's so much more to it than that. In fact, most of the state doesn't even fall within the climate zones that receive the driest snow — and that fact is a great thing. There is a science to The Greatest Snow on Earth®. According to research by University of Utah atmospheric scientist Jim Steenburgh, the combination of climate conditions that brew over the Wasatch Mountain resorts in Salt Lake City's Cottonwood Canyons is the reason why many believe Utah snow is the best for deep-powder skiing and riding.

In a sense, The Greatest Snow on Earth® can be boiled down to a single word: flotation. Excellent flotation is defined by a formula that examines snow water content and conditions that cause lighter snow to fall on heavier snow. When choosing the right gear for Utah's snow, Ski 'n' See's Ryan Larsen mentions that magical quality of flotation. It's happening in all the pictures and video you see of skiers and riders kicking up knee-deep Utah snow. Best of all, days of prime flotation are not an exception, but a rule.

Jim Steenburgh explains that flotation exists when light snow has enough body, or is "bottomless," to keep skis and snowboards on the upper layer of snow without scraping the base. To get this effect, snowstorms must be frequent and ample, yet not too profuse. He observes that it is possible to have too much of a good thing. Steenburgh calls the ideal frequency and strength of storms that produce quality deep-powder "Goldilocks storms," which is exactly what it sounds like: "just right" conditions. Steenburgh advises that occasionally Utah does experience different snow conditions, but things very often go right in Utah. In other words, the Wasatch Mountain Range is world-renowned for its skiing and riding due to the simple fact that we in Utah enjoy frequent and predictable Goldilocks storms. Just check out the five resorts in the top seven of SKI Magazine's reader survey for best snow in America to get an idea of Utah's good fortune.

If you want to educate yourself on what is and where to find the perfect powder, the full story on Utah snow can be found in Steenburgh's Secrets of the Greatest Snow on Earth: Weather, Climate Change, and Finding Deep Powder in Utah's Wasatch Mountains and around the World available here and here. It's essential reading for deep-powder enthusiasts. In addition, see Ski Utah's "Powder People" interview with Jim Steenburgh here or, for more details, follow Steenburgh's latest observations at Wasatch Weather Weenies.

Geography and major ski areas of the Wasatch Mountains and northern Utah. Salt Lake City (SLC), Salt Lake Valley (SLV), Big Cottonwood Canyon (BCC) and Little Cottonwood Canyon (LCC) are identified with abbreviations. See Figure 1.3 from Jim Steenburgh's Secrets of The Greatest Snow on Earth, below. 

The Official Utah snow report powered by Ski Utah.


Map courtesy Jim Steenburgh

Current Skiing Conditions

There are a lot of ways to experience The Greatest Snow on Earth®: fresh powder runs, fresh groomers, the feel of freshly falling snow itself, breathing fresh, snowy air, or just keeping it fresh, which according to the Urban Dictionary, is "The art of acting spontaneously, resulting in your actions being original and generally awesome." One thing is for sure. With Utah's resorts averaging upward of 500 inches of snow a year, we can share the perfect experience.

Check out Ski Utah's Snow Report for the latest snowfall and total base reports as well as forecast data for all 15 of Utah's world-class ski resorts. 

If you have your eye on Utah's backcountry, an entirely different set of rules apply. The reason? Resorts use several measures to protect you, including avalanche control and boundaries. To help understand the backcountry, we partner with the Utah Avalanche Center. They endeavor to keep the latest Utah snow conditions in front of you to help ensure a safe backcountry experience. They also offer a wealth of knowledge and accurate reporting to help guide you to the goods.

Check out Beyond the Boundaries to learn more about enjoying Utah's backcountry.